Willapa National Wildlife Refuge and Leadbetter Point Professional Review and Guide
"From the time it was established as the Willapa Migratory Waterfowl Refuge in 1937, local and national wildlife fans have recognized the importance of Willapa Bay for migrating and nesting birds.
Meanwhile, waterfowl fill the bay, especially in winter, when Brant, loons, and huge rafts of Canada Geese descend on the area. Habitats: Lowland riparian, mixed forest, old-growth forest, wetland, salt marsh, mudflats, sandy beach. Specialty birds: Common Loon; Brown Pelican; Pelagic and Brandt’s Cormorants; Great Egret; Trumpeter Swan; Greater White-fronted Goose; Brant; Greater Scaup; White-tailed Kite; Bald Eagle; Peregrine Falcon; Blackbellied, American Golden-, and Snowy Plovers; Willet; Long-billed Curlew; Marbled Godwit; Black Turnstone; Red Knot; Baird’s and Pectoral Sandpipers; Short-billed Dowitcher; Rednecked and Red Phalaropes; Heerman’s, Bonaparte’s, Mew, Thayer’s, and Western Gulls; Common Tern; Common Murre; Pigeon Guillemot; Marbled Murrelet; Rhinoceros Auklet; Band-tailed Pigeon; Short-eared and Spotted Owls; Vaux’s Swift; Anna’s and Rufous Hummingbirds; Pileated Woodpecker; Redbreasted Sapsucker; Pacific-slope Flycatcher; Hutton’s Vireo; Western Bluebird."