by Roland H. Wauer & Mark A. Elwonger (Falcon Guides)
The state park and lake are near San Solomon Springs, a group of artesian and gravity springs that produce 80 million gallons of water daily; they are known as the Oasis of West Texas. The area has been an important camping area for Indians, pioneers, and ranchers for hundreds of years. The springs were once known as Mescalero Springs, after the Mescalero Apaches who utilized them.
Key Birds: “Mexican Duck” (Mallard); Wild Turkey; Scaled Quail; Greater Roadrunner; Burrowing Owl; Black and Say’s Phoebes; Vermilion Flycatcher; Common Raven; Verdin; Cactus Wren; Curvebilled Thrasher; Pyrrhuloxia; Canyon Towhee; Rufous-crowned, Cassin’s, and Black-throated Sparrows; and Lesser Goldfinch are present year-round. King and Virginia Rails, Sora, Common Ground-Dove, Common Poorwill, Lesser and Common Nighthawks, Scissortailed Flycatcher, Chihuahuan Raven, Bell’s Vireo, and Painted Bunting occur in summer. Common and Red-throated Loons; American White Pelican; Rough-legged and Ferruginous Hawks; Bald Eagle; Sandhill Crane; Eastern, Mountain, and Western Bluebirds; American and Sprague’s Pipits.
© Roland H. Wauer & Mark A. Elwonger/Falcon Guides. All Rights Reserved.