Howland Island Professional Guide
Detailed Trail Description from our Guidebook
"Along the northern edge of the Finger Lakes is a vast network of wildlife refuges primarily made up of the 7,068-acre federal Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge (described below) and the 7,700-acre staterun Northern Montezuma Wildlife Management Area, which is further subdivided into the South Butler, Savannah, and Howland Island Units. Encompassing 3,100 acres, Howland Island is not exactly how you would picture an island, but indeed it is surrounded by the Seneca River on the east, north, and west, while the “new” Erie Canal forms its southern boundary. But the image of an island is somewhat misleading, as most of the time it seems that there is more water on the island than surrounding it. Most of the area is marshland, with roughly 300 acres of man-made ponds/ impoundments that provide habitat for more than 220 bird species, 108 of which are considered local breeders. e trail system is a network of access roads that circle and weave through the numerous ponds and wetlands."