"Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, pioneers of landscape architecture and the urban parks movement in the United States, are most famous for Central Park but were prouder of Prospect Park. When they had designed Central Park a decade earlier, they were frustrated by certain restrictions, such as the required rectangular shape. Freed of such constraints for Prospect Park, nature-loving Olmsted and Vaux created a park they considered more naturalistic.
Before construction commenced in the 1860s, Brooklynites had only Green-Wood Cemetery and 30-acre Washington (Fort Greene) Park for a bucolic escape. By the time Prospect Park was completed in 1873, they would find within its 526 acres a natural forest, meadows, rolling hills, and a series of waterways coursing through the eastern half and emptying into a lake. The park also contains some notable statuary and architecture, as well as historic and recreational accouterments ranging from solemn war memorials to a Children’s Corner complete with a zoo and carousel."