Chama River Canyon Wilderness Area Trails Professional Review and Guide
"This wilderness owes its existence, physically and officially, to the Rio Chama, second only to the Rio Grande as north-central New Mexico’s most important river. Like the Rio Grande, the Chama rises in Colorado and runs south. It goes through the village of Chama, past Abiquiu, to join the Rio Grande just north of Española. In 1598, at a Tewa Indian pueblo near this confluence, Spanish colonizer Don Juan de Oñate established the first European capital in what is now the United States. (The Spanish capital moved to Santa Fe in 1609.) The name “Chama,” from the Tewa language, refers either to a pueblo that existed north of the present village of Abiquiu, or, more likely, is a corruption of the Tewa word tzama, “red,” the color of the river as it carries silt from the reddish rocks and soil of northern New Mexico.
This wilderness centers on the river, and consequently hiking is rather limited with only one marked trail, the Ojitos Trail. If you are willing to walk cross-country or along roads, however, the endeavor is well worthwhile. The Continental Divide National Scenic Trail coincides with the Ojitos Trail and Forest Road 151."