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South Mountain and Rahway River Professional Review and Guide
"This trail shadows the Rahway River, climbing up through the bottomlands, reaching the 25-foot-high Hemlock Falls before looping back on a bridle path. The nearly level hike has one steep rise and a river crossing that is a rock hop. Observe a park designed by the Olmsted Brothers and built by the Civilian Conservation Corps.The recently established South Mountain Conservancy is working hard to bring the reservation back to the elegance and charm of its glory days. Turtlebacks are a notable part of the local nomenclature—to the extent that the local zoo took the name. “Turtleback” refers to a geological phenomenon in which basalt fractured, leaving cracks to fill with minerals. When erosion took place, the softer basalt wore away while the harder minerals did not. This left the minerals deposited within the cracks extending above the basalt surface, creating hexagonal patterns resembling a turtle’s back."
--Paul E. DeCpste and Ronald J. Dupont Jr., Best Easy Day Hikes: Northeast New Jersey (Falcon Guides).
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