Living History: Hillsborough Professional Review and Guide
"Heading south takes you to Hillsborough, a flourishing small town that remains much as it has been since the eighteenth century. True to its heritage, Hillsborough is a refreshing stopover for the traveler interested in Southern and national history. As a capital of colonial and revolutionary North Carolina, Hillsborough was the scene of many important and dramatic events, including the War of the Regulation (1768–1771), the Third Provincial Congress (1775), and the raising of the royal standard by General Cornwallis (1781).
As the seat of Orange County, Hillsborough remained an important center of politics. It was the final residence of William Hooper, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and the birthplace of Thomas Hart Benton, who was instrumental in the expansion of the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century. Prominent statesmen and jurists lived here, including William A. Graham, Thomas Ruffin (Senior and Junior), Frederick Nash, James Hogg, Francis Nash, and Alfred Moore. In 1754 William Churton, surveyor and agent for John Carteret, Earl Granville, laid out Hillsborough as a town near where the Great Indian Trading Path crossed the Eno River. A pleasing mixture of modern convenience and rural charm, Hillsborough’s shaded avenues are a virtual record of the passing of two centuries, a combination of Colonial, antebellum, Victorian, and modern styles of architecture."