Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge Professional Review and Guide
"Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) is renowned for its fall and winter populations of migratory swans, geese, and ducks. The refuge includes most of the 40,000-acre Lake Mattamuskeet, 6,000 acres of forested and shrub-scrub wetland, 3,500 acres of natural and managed marshes, and 400 acres of cropland. The lake bed’s submerged aquatic vegetation, shoreline vegetation, managed impoundments, cropland, and nearby private impoundments draw tens of thousands of Tundra Swans, Snow Geese, and ducks during the fall and winter.
Marshes and lake shoreline attract fall and spring migrating shorebirds; shallowly flooded areas and canal banks host wading birds. This site offers outstanding lake and marsh vistas and forested drives from which to seek more than 235 species of birds. Habitats: Freshwater lake and marsh, mixed pine-hardwood forest, bald cypress swamp, cropland. Key birds: Spring and summer: Least Bittern; Eastern Kingbird; Blue Grosbeak; Indigo Bunting. Fall and winter: Tundra Swan; Snow Goose; Eurasian Wigeon; Canvasback; Peregrine Falcon; Bald Eagle; Sedge Wren; Baltimore Oriole; American Pipit. Year-round: Snowy Egret; White and Glossy Ibis; Hooded Merganser; Red-headed Woodpecker; Brownheaded Nuthatch."