Two hundred years ago, North America was covered in grassland, forest and a transition habitat called “oak savanna” that grew between the two. Oak savanna consisted primarily of huge black oaks and red cedars spaced widely and separated by vast meadows of grasses, wildflowers and shrubs, like cherry, witch-hazel and serviceberry.
Chipmunks are common, as are bats, beavers, coyotes, deer, frogs, muskrats, raccoons, red squirrels, frogs and toads. Birds that nest or migrate through the area include Baltimore orioles, buffleheads, common mergansers, eastern kingbirds, great horned owls, hooded mergansers, old squaws, nighthawks, pintails, rare prairie warblers, red-bellied woodpeckers, scarlet tanagers, scaups, spring warblers, tundra swans, turkey vultures and whippoorwills. Monarchs migrate through the park in September. This trail guide includes Pine Trail, Riverside Trail, Lookout Trail, Hickory Trail, Bittersweet Trail, Carolinian Trail, Nipissing Trail, Cedar Trail, Heritage Trail, and Wilderness Trail.
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