Situated at the upper limit of Wallace Harbour on the Northumberland Strait, this area has long been an important migration and breeding habitat for waterfowl. In 1973, Ducks Unlimited undertook the construction of 3.8 km (2.5 mi) of dikes and five water control structures (sluices) to establish 144 ha (356 acres) of impounded wetlands. In 1980, Wallace Bay was declared a National Wildlife Area and is maintained under the Canadian Wildlife Act.
Since then, there have been significant increases in both the numbers of waterfowl born here and the varieties of species inhabiting the area. Other marsh birds nest in the surrounding uplands, and even bald eagles have moved into the territory since its creation. The protected area includes more than the original wetlands, although they make up more than 75% of the total area. Of the 585 ha (1445 acres) incorporated, 17% are forest and the remainder is abandoned farmland. What this all means is, if you like birds, this is a good place to find them. But this is also a pleasant little walk for the entire family. The trail is easy walking with practically no elevation change, particularly on the dike, and the distance is within most people’s comfort level.
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