Green Swamp Preserve and Lake Waccamaw State Park

Bolton, North Carolina

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The Green Swamp Preserve is of national significance in botanical circles. It lies within the highly restricted native range of the Venus flytrap and hosts the highest diversity of carnivorous plant genera in the world. Within the greater Green Swamp ecosystem is Lake Waccamaw. It is the largest of the Carolina Bays, a cluster of round and shallow oblong lakes in the coastal plain of North and South Carolina with mysterious origins. The lake is unusual also because a nearby limestone outcrop gives it near-neutral water, which is in contrast to the acidic conditions of other Carolina Bays. As a result, the lake has endemic species of snails, mussels, and fish. Habitats: Longleaf pine savanna, pocosin, bay forest, Carolina Bays. Key birds: Summer: Bald Eagle; Swainson’s and Prothonotary Warbler; Bachman’s and Henslow’s Sparrow. Year-round: Red-cockaded Woodpecker; Brown-headed Nuthatch. Migration: Mississippi and Swallow-tailed Kite.
Birding North Carolina

DESCRIPTION FROM:

Birding North Carolina

by Edited by Marshall Brooks and Mark Johns (Falcon Guides)

The Green Swamp Preserve is of national significance in botanical circles. It lies within the highly restricted native range of the Venus flytrap and hosts the highest diversity of carnivorous plant genera in the world. Within the greater Green Swamp ecosystem is Lake Waccamaw. It is the largest of the Carolina Bays, a cluster of round and shallow oblong lakes in the coastal plain of North and South Carolina with mysterious origins.

The lake is unusual also because a nearby limestone outcrop gives it near-neutral water, which is in contrast to the acidic conditions of other Carolina Bays. As a result, the lake has endemic species of snails, mussels, and fish. Habitats: Longleaf pine savanna, pocosin, bay forest, Carolina Bays. Key birds: Summer: Bald Eagle; Swainson’s and Prothonotary Warbler; Bachman’s and Henslow’s Sparrow. Year-round: Red-cockaded Woodpecker; Brown-headed Nuthatch. Migration: Mississippi and Swallow-tailed Kite.

©  Edited by Marshall Brooks and Mark Johns/Falcon Guides. All Rights Reserved.

Activity Type: Birding
Nearby City: Bolton
Trail Type: Several options
Best Times: Best in spring, summer, winter and migration times
Local Contacts: Nature Conservancy, North Carolina State Parks
Driving Directions: Directions to Green Swamp Preserve and Lake Waccamaw State Park

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Apr 2018