Although discovered early on by explorers and trappers, the Outaouais region was not colonized until the beginning of the 19th century when Loyalists started arriving from the United States. Forestry, in particular the exploitation of white and red pine ideal for maritime construction, was for a long time the principle economic activity of the region. This region of rolling hills, lakes and waterways includes magnificent Gatineau Park, the location of the Canadian prime minister's official summer residence, and a beautiful spot for hikes and walks.
The Hull sector of the city of Gatineau, which faces Ottawa across the river, is home to one of the most interesting museums in the country: the Canadian Museum of Civilization. This trail guide includes hiking trails at Kingsmere, Gatineau Park (La Sucrerie, Larriault, Mont King, Champlain, Lac Pink, Chute Luskville, and Caverne Lusk), Parc National de Plaisance, Chutes de Plaisance, Centre Touristique la Petite Rouge, Base de Plein Air des Outaouais, Omega Park, Manoir Papineau National Historic Site, Chateau Montebello, and Reserve Faunique La Verendrye.
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