Time of Year
Before you head off to the lake or river, focus on the weather conditions outside. Just because the calendar says that it's spring, that doesn't mean the fish are spawning. The spawning actually starts when the weather conditions are the best, and this occurs when the temperature of the water starts rising and rocks are hidden beneath the surface of the water. The fish spawn in rocky or rough areas near the shore because it keeps the fish protected from predators.
If you're fishing for walleye in the spring, stick close to the shore, especially in areas with a lot of debris or rocks. Walleye stay close to these areas as a way of protecting themselves from other fish. The walleye slow down, which means the fish can't move quickly to evade larger fish. You'll have the best luck if you stick close to the shore and drop your bait in between rocks and debris. The fish will come to your bait without you having to work as hard.
Another helpful tip for spring walleye fishing is to use the right type of lure. Your best bet is a spinning jig of a light weight, but you can also try using a light-up jig. These jigs are usually more expensive, but they work at attracting the attention of passing fish. Buckshot jigs and whistlers also work well for walleye fishing in the spring. Orange, white and green jigs are also popular because the colors stand out among the murky and dark colors of the water.
The best thing you can do when fishing for walleye in the spring is use live bait. Walleye are slower in the spring months and less likely or able to chase bait, but the fish do respond well to live bait. Minnow is the most common type of bait, but you can also try worms and leeches, all of which move through the water in a way that attracts walleye. Other bait that works in the spring are wax worms, crayfish, frogs and maggots.