The Best Types of Fishing Lures

The Best Types of Fishing LuresLure choice should be the No. 1 concern of any fisherman. Without an effective lure, you are guaranteed to end up with an empty stringer, and you might as well stay home. The good news is, if you stock your tackle box with time-tested and reliable lures, you will be well-equipped to catch fish in almost any environment.

Topwater Lures

Topwater lures such as plugs, buzzbaits and poppers grab a fish's attention by splashing and sputtering on the water's surface. This mimics the movement of prey, like frogs and wounded baitfish, to provoke aggressive strikes from predatory bass and pike. Fish topwater lures using a "walk the dog"-style retrieve, with a medium-paced, twitch-and-pause cadence.


This popular and versatile lure works equally well for bass, walleye, pike and trout. The key to its effectiveness is the way it imitates baitfish in both appearance and movement. Most crankbaits have two or three hooks located on their underside and come in a variety of designs and colors.


This lure consists of spinning blades on a bent wire frame that is also connected to a skirted hook. Spinnerbaits work especially well for bass, pike and muskie.

Artificial Baits

Artificial baits made from soft plastic or rubber are designed to look like worms, baitfish, lizards or other prey. They come in many colors and are often scented to make them more appealing to fish.


A bright, rotating blade, trailed by a treble hook, makes the spinner a deadly lure for trout. Some models also have colorful beads, bodies and a skirt to add visual appeal. Cast the lure upstream and retrieve at a pace that is slightly faster than the current when fishing for trout on rivers and streams.


Jigs are simply a hook with a weighted or floating head. Some jigs have hair or marabou skirts that extend the length of the hook. Fish jigs with live or artificial bait to increase their effectiveness.


Spoons are one of the simplest and most effective lures you can have in your tackle box. The cupped, oval spoon made of metal provides plenty of flashy movement that never fails to bring in hungry pike, muskie, trout or walleye.

Article Written By Richard Hansen

Richard Hansen grew up and currently resides in Minnesota. He graduated from Dartmouth College and has traveled extensively in Africa and South America, including the Amazon jungle. He has worked as a wilderness guide in Yellowstone and northern Minnesota, and written for Fur-Fish-Game, Dartmouth Alumni Magazine and

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