The most important element of your fishing lure is the hook, which is what actually lands your fish. Hooks are available in a wide variety of sizes and styles. Catch-and-release fishermen can opt to buy barbless hooks, which cause less damage to a fish's mouth. The hook size will vary depending on the size of fish you are after, but the hook for any lure you make generally should not be less than half the size of the lure.
Spoons and Spinners
Spoons and spinners are thin, flat pieces of metal that rotate and flash in the water. Different spoons and spinners are used for different environments and fish, and are usually added to lures to make them more attractive and eye-catching. Spoons, spinners and other lure-making supplies are available at larger outdoor equipment stores and specialty fishing stores. Fly-fishing stores often have a small selection of fishing lure equipment other than fly-tying supplies.
A light, buoyant wood, such as balsa, is an important part of many lures. Something as simple as a wooden clothes peg can be an excellent foundation for a fishing lure. Many fishermen start making their own lures by getting a small, light piece of wood and carving or whittling a fish-like shape. Add some paint and a hook and you have yourself a lure. Hooks, spinners and other accouterments are usually attached to the body of the lure, using small eyelets that screw into the lure. The lure size should be based on the typical prey of your target fish.
Skirts are rubber, plastic or silicone decorations you can add to a lure to make it more lifelike. They are made up of numerous thin strands of flexible material that cause your lure to move in a lifelike way, as well as in fluttering motions that are attractive and highly visible. They simply snap around your lure like an actual skirt.
To keep your lures at a particular level in the water, as opposed to on the surface, lead is very helpful. You can make your own "shot" weights by melting lead into balls, but you can also use it to make a weighted core or element for any other fishing lure. The simplest way to weigh down your handmade lure is to drill a small hole or chip a small trough in your lure and pour molten lead into it. You can buy scrap lead at a hobby shop and you can, of course, melt down lead shot from any fishing supply store. Lead has a very low melting point and can be easily melted with a blow torch.