Trout fishing lures and techniques vary by location and water conditions. Choosing which lure is right for your location can depend on many factors such as water temperature, amount of light, water flow and the season. It also depends on your skill level, and whether you choose to use spinning tackle or a fly rod. Techniques are mostly determined by amount of space and obstruction in the fishing area. Fly fishing requires much more space to cast then spinning tackle.
Trout spinners are a favorite among anglers who use spinning reel tackle. They imitate the flash of a swimming creek chub, which is what most trout feed on. Manufacturers such as Mepps and Panther Martin make a variety of colors and sizes. Size and weight of a spinner should be adjusted according to the water flow, and colors vary according to light conditions. The technique for fishing with spinners is to simply cast and retrieve slowly. They work in any direction in a current, but are easiest slowly retrieved across the current.
Jigs are a useful lure when fishing deep pools in a river or stream. The weight of a jig will allow you to keep your bait in the right location for a longer period of time. It is common for an angler to use night crawlers or creek grubs on the jig for bait. The jig is worked slowly bouncing up and down along the bottom of pools and up steep banks of the body of water.
Small spoons are an easy lure to use in almost any trout fishing situation. They come in many color combinations, but the favorite colors are silver on one side and orange or green on the other. They mimic an erratic swimming fish, which causes trout to strike. Spoons should be cast across or upstream and retrieved in a stop and start pattern to get the lure to whirl.
Flies are a natural-looking lure that mimic insects in nature. The most popular flies are nymphs, streamers and wooly buggers. Flies are most often used in conjunction with a fly rod, but they can be used with spinning tackle. They are cast upstream and let to float downstream like an insect that has fallen into the stream. It is best to match the fly to whatever insect larvae has recently hatched.