Types of Fishing: Fresh & Salt Water

Types of Fishing: Fresh & Salt Water
Fishing is one of the world's oldest methods of obtaining food. Archaeologists have even discovered stone-age fishing hooks made of bone. Since the early days of fishing the activity has diversified into more than just a search for food. Now fishing is both sustenance and sport, with a diversity of pursuits in both fresh and salt water.

Fly Fishing

With an emphasis on technique, fly fishing involves specialized reels, line and flies. In fly fishing the lure is light, often made of feathers, fur or hair wrapped around a hook. Without a weighted end to drive the cast, the weight is primarily in the line, which is typically wrapped in plastic. Fly fishing is often seen as a more down-to-earth form of fishing, with the fisherman typically standing directly in the flowing water. Fly fishing typically nets trout, salmon, carp and striped bass.

Kayak Fishing

A method of fishing that has grown increasingly popular in recent years is kayak fishing. As kayak use has increased, specialized models have been released to accommodate various niches. Kayak fishing typically involves kayaks with a wider, more stable base or even catamaran hulls. Kayak fishers often use trolling techniques, occasionally pursuing larger game fish such as marlin.

Ice Fishing

An ice auger, an ice saw and a skimmer to keep new ice from forming is all you need to join the ranks of ice fishermen. While it doesn't sound especially glamorous, ice fishing attracts a dedicated set of enthusiasts. Patience is a virtue in its pursuit, but with the advent of electric ice saws many ice fishers carve dozens of holes a day, rather than just waiting around at one.


A commercial fishing technique, longlining involves a long main line with a number of hooks--sometimes thousands--hanging from it, . This method of fishing is known for its accidental capture of sea turtles and sea birds. However, longlining has the advantage of exceptional species selectivity that cannot be achieved with nets and other methods of commercial fishing.

Article Written By Louie Doverspike

Based in Seattle, Louie Doverspike has been a professional writer since 2004. His work has appeared in various publications, including "AntiqueWeek" magazine, the "Prague Post" and "Seattle Represent!" Doverspike holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from Hamilton College.

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