Casting spoons, also called Canadian spoons or traditional spoons, have oval bodies. Made from cast metals, these spoons vary greatly in size. Panfish spoons, for example, weigh as little as 1/36 oz., while spoons used for muskies and pikes may exceed 3 oz. The average casting spoon falls in the 1/2-oz. range. Casting spoons have a single or treble hook attached to the bottom by a split ring. Anglers will cast these spoons into open water and fish them at different depths to attract fish.
Trolling spoons are similar to casting spoons in shape but not in weight. Trolling spoons normally weigh about 1/8 oz. Anglers cannot cast these lightweight spoons but can troll them behind a moving boat. Most anglers who utilize these spoons will use special apparatus, such as a downrigger or a diving plane, to keep the spoon at a specific depth as it trails the boat. Walleye, trout and salmon are some of the fish that these spoons will catch in open-water settings.
Surface spoons composed of plastic material or wood usually have a rubber skirt that hides the hook. The hook points upward and lies over the back of the surface spoons. This keeps the spoon from continually snagging in heavy water vegetation. Surface spoons float and anglers who fish them will drag them through an area choked with weeds. The surface spoon will trick fish hiding beneath heavy cover in the hot months. Pike, muskellunge and bass fall victim to anglers using surface spoons.
Astute anglers will target deep-water species with jigging spoons. These spoons have a flattened thick body and sink in the water rapidly because of their design and weight. Jigging spoons are a vertical lure, meaning people in boats or ice fishermen use them to get to the fish right below them in deep water. Often an electronic fish finder can locate schools of fish, such as crappie, bass, and perch, and the angler will drop a jigging spoon down to them. The angler will raise and lower her rod tip to make the spoon rise and fall, with the majority of bites coming when the lure starts to descend. It resembles a dying baitfish, and fish will grab it and try to swim away.
The weedless spoon possesses a single hook welded onto the body of the spoon.
A wire weed guard that extends to the point of the hook protects the hook from snagging on submerged or floating cover, such as brush, stumps and water weeds. This allows a weedless spoon to explore the open areas between weeds without becoming entangled. Weedless spoons also will not get caught on brush near the shore or in other spots where fish hide.