The walleye pike is a combination of pike and perch rather than a true pike. Depending on where you bring up one of these night feeders, you may hear other anglers describe what you've caught as simply a walleye, a walleye perch or pike perch. Regardless of the name given, if you catch one, you stand a very good chance of coming home with several more because walleye pikes are very much school fish that gather together to study bait, such as minnows, crayfish and frogs.
Regardless of the bait or lure you use, one technique that is guaranteed to improve your haul of walleye is to head out at night. Walleye feed mainly during the night thanks to a light-sensitive layer of pigment in their retina that makes them seek water that is dimly lit. Head for murky waters after the sun sets if you want to significantly improve your chances of catching walleye pike.
If your preferred body of water for catching walleye is a clear lake, keep an eye out for clouds and wind. The wind helps to create choppy water and the cloud presence reduces light penetration. Under these conditions, walleyes will leave the comfort of their deeper homes and seek sustenance in the shallows.
Knowledge of the water conditions vastly improves your chances as well. You will be up on strangers to the area if you know where the bottom of the body of water is gravelly rather than muddy. Walleye search for insects and crustaceans along the rocky bottoms. They avoid muddy areas that don't support the food they are looking for.
Large bodies of water that result in scattered schools of walleye pike are best attacked with a trolling strategy. If you are using live bait, you need to have the patience to troll very slowly. Popular baits for trolling include minnows and nightcrawlers. If you are using artificial lures, you can troll faster. Effective lures for trolling for walleye include flatfish, lindy baitfish and thinfin.
Jigging is an effective technique for catching walleye and should be used along the breaks in the current when river fishing. River anglers should also cast jigs into slow-moving eddies if the current is carrying along too fast. Jigging when lake fishing is best accomplished at the site of weed beds and along drop-offs. The best use of jigging is in water where the visibility is so low that the fish have to commit to a quick bite.
Article Written By Timothy Sexton
Timothy Sexton is an award-winning author who started writing in 1994. He has written on topics ranging from politics and golf to nutrition and travel, and his work appears online for Zappos.com, Disaboom and MOJO, among others. He has also done work for "Sherlock Holmes and Philosophy." He holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of West Florida.