Fishing is often gear intensive. Professional, commercial and sport fishermen employ the use of many types of rods, reels, tackle, bait and nets. Fishing nets are used to either compliment existing fishing gear to help snag fish, or used as the primary method to land fish. Saltwater and freshwater anglers use these nets, depending on species and location.
Dip nets are designed to be used to scoop under schools of small smelt or fry fish and bring in large quantities in one fell swoop. Dip nets are made in custom sizes or can be purchased in various lengths, diameters and mesh. Dip nets have long, lightweight aluminum handles and large circular baskets. Anglers also employ the use of dip nets for scooping up fish caught with a traditional rod and reel. As the fish is reeled in close to the boat or angler, the net is put into the water and with a sweeping motion brings the fish on the line up and into the boat or shoreline.
Cast nets are a unique style of net designed to be thrown into the water much like a Frisbee. Cast nets have weighted outer edges that unfold and turn the net into a flying circular mesh disc, landing into the water and then brought into the angler with a hand line. The nets, with the weighted outer edge drop onto, or below schools of fish, and when the hand line is pulled, scoops up the fish for collection. Cast nets are available in multiple sizes and weights, depending on what you wish to go for.
Trawl nets are used by commercial fishermen with boats set-up for trawl fishing. Trawling nets are long, complicated pieces of equipment requiring fastidious deployment and storage. Trawling nets are extended off booms fixed to the trawling boats. The boat the moves at a very slow speed, scooping up the schooled fish moving through the water. Specialized winches bring the nets in, with the crew grabbing the desired species and pitching the by-catch (other species) over the boat and back into the sea. Trawling nets are expensive and are often prized by the commercial fishermen who own them.
Article Written By Eric Cedric
A former Alaskan of 20 years, Eric Cedric now resides in California. He's published in "Outside" and "Backpacker" and has written a book on life in small-town Alaska, "North by Southeast." Cedric was a professional mountain guide and backcountry expedition leader for 18 years. He worked in Russia, Iceland, Greece, Turkey and Belize. Cedric attended Syracuse University and is a private pilot.