Texas Rig Method
Those who rely on a Texas rigged worm can pull it through and drop it into weeds without the hook snagging.
An angler will put a bullet weight--a cone-shaped kind of sinker with a hollow middle--onto the line before tying on an offset worm hook. She threads the worm onto the hook at its thick top but will quickly bring the point out just below where it went in.
She completes her Texas rig by turning the hook so it now faces the body of the worm and impaling the hook into the midsection of the worm. By leaving it in the worm, she guarantees the point will not catch on anything in the water.
The angler will identify weeds or cover such as brush in the water, cast the rig toward it, and allow it to drop. Watching the line as the worm falls through the water to the bottom is paramount.
Most hits on a Texas rig occur as the worm is heading down. When an angler detects a sideways, backwards, forward, or any unnatural movement of the line, she will pull back on the rod to go for the hookset. If the worm falls unmolested, the angler will raise it a few feet by pulling up on her rod tip gently before letting it settle down to the bottom again. Watching the line the whole time, she will also try to "feel" a fish on the other end by pulling slightly on the rod tip.
Fishing weightless worms also works to catch fish. This involves either Texas rigging a worm or hooking the worm through the top and out again without burying the hook.
The fisherman will not utilize a weight, however, and will cast this rig out as is. He will fish this method while using lighter line than he normally would for others. Six to 12 pound test works well for this weightless fishing.
An angler will find weed lines, cast the weightless worm to the very edges, and let it leisurely fall. He concentrates heavily on any line movements, looking for any indication a fish has the worm before setting the hook hard.
This method makes the worm look as if it has dropped into the water from. Once the lure makes it to the bottom, rather then reel it in, the angler will gently shake the rod tip to cause the worm to twitch.
Fishermen will rig a worm on an offset worm hook and then use it in a Carolina rig. Before tying the hook on her line, she will place a 1 ounce barrel sinker on it. She then will thread a small glass bead onto the line before tying a swivel on. The next step is to tie a 3-foot length of line as a leader onto the swivel. The angler finishes her Carolina rig by tying on the Texas rigged worm.
She will cast this into deeper waters than where she employs a simple Texas rig. The success of this rig stems from the movement of the worm, which will flutter in the water on the leader while the barrel sinker anchors the rig.
Most anglers cast a Carolina rig with a sidearm movement to avoid tangling it up. They will avoid the heaviest of weeds and brush as well as places where boulders and rocks litter the bottom since these will hang up the rig. They will bring this rig in over the bottom with subtle sweeping motions of the fishing rod from side to side as they slowly reel. This action causes the Texas rigged worm on the leader to appear more lifelike as it trails behind the sinker.
Anglers set the hook when they feel a bite, trying to do so as fast as they can so the fish will not swallow the worm and be gut-hooked.