Small ponds give an angler an option as a place to fish without having to deal with fishing pressure from other people. Ponds are capable of supporting healthy fish populations. Sunfish, bluegill, crappie, bass, pickerel and bullhead can all thrive in a pond setting. Using the correct bait to target these fish goes a long way towards catching them.
When in doubt about what type of bait to try in a pond, an angler cannot go wrong settling on worms. Night crawlers in particular will attract every species of fish found in a pond. These large worms are easy to catch at night with the use of a flashlight and quick hands. Night crawlers threaded onto a hook whole or in small pieces will garner the attention of a fish. Fish such as bluegill and pumpkinseeds are adept at nibbling a night crawler from a hook. Anglers will break the crawler up into smaller pieces and impale these on the shaft of the hook. This makes it more difficult for the fish to grab a chunk and pull it away before it is hooked. Smaller earthworms are more difficult to keep on a hook. However, they will most certainly catch fish. Bullhead, which are frequently the main inhabitants of small farm ponds, are susceptible to an earthworm or night crawler fished on the bottom or suspended beneath a bobber.
Those people that focus on bass and pickerel in a pond often choose spoons. Shaped like the bowl of a spoon, these lures come in different sizes with varied color patterns. Spoons typically have treble hooks attached on the bottom that make it nearly impossible for a fish that goes after one to avoid capture. One in particular that has an excellent record of accomplishment in producing fish is the Red Devil. It has a red and white lengthwise pattern and is an option for bass, but pickerel really go after it. Spoons can be cast a long way due to their shape and weight, allowing an angler to cover a large portion of the water. Anglers will reel in a spoon as soon as it hits the water so it cannot snag on any brush or weeds that may exist on the bottom of a pond. Spoons are a solid lure choice for ponds that have open water. Those heavily choked with weeds are not a place to employ spoons.
Plastic worms are the lure that can make it through the thick vegetation that often grows in ponds. Anglers will Texas rig a worm, using a worm weight on their line followed by an offset worm hook. The angler will thread the hook through her plastic worm at the top part of the thickest end. Once the hook impales the worm it quickly comes out the side less than an inch from where it went in. The person turns the hook to face the worm and sticks the barb into the worm's plastic body to keep it from snagging as it is slinking through weeds and brush. A plastic worm rigged this way, thrown into any part of a pond and fished slowly or rapidly, catches fish. Many anglers choose to downsize their plastic worms for pond fishing. They will use a shorter four-inch worm instead of a 10-inch version. Plastic creature baits like lizards can be Texas rigged for pond fishing as well.