Many flowering plants can be found along roadsides, in backyards and in the country's expansive open plains. Native versions of thistles are common and come in many colors, including purple and blue. Wild iris plants can also be found, as well as naturalized versions of the dandelion plant found throughout North America. Many city boulevards host bunches of Yellow Chamomile, a wild Iraq relative to the sunflower plant. Mediterranean flowers such as Scilla peruviana and the clustered bellflower are also common. Rarer flowering plants can be found in Iraq's cooler northern counties, including the Wild Beaked Parsley which can be found in some of Iraq's forest undergrowth.
Shrubs and Trees
Sprawling shrubs and trees dot Iraq's brown landscape, and many of these bloom at least once a year. The common hawthorn can be seen on many open plains, and can produce large bunches of white and pink blossoms. Junipers are also common in some of the country's southern regions, as are the ubiquitous Joshua Tree. The latter produces gigantic, wide flower clusters that cast stark shadows in the desert sun. The many palm species found in Iraq also blossom, and produce fruit which can typically be consumed. Additional flower-producing trees that grow wild in Iraq include the Arabic gum tree.
Grasses and Vines
Grasses can be found everywhere in Iraq, and may bloom after a heavy rain period. Flowering grasses that can be found in Iraq include the orchard grass (white flowers), the yellow bedstraw (yellow flowers), various types of wild barley, kunai grass (red flowers with ornamental red leaves) and sickle grass (green flowers). Vines are relatively rare, but flowering species such as blooming nightshade have become established in the country's northern regions.
Individuals may find cultivated gardens in many major cities, including Baghdad. Iraq's growing climate is similar to Texas', and flowers that do well in the United States' drier states can typically be grown in Iraq. Examples include black-eyed susans, echinacea, cosmos and salvias. In the cooler fall and winter seasons, Iraq's gardeners can typically grow short-lived annuals accustomed to dry terrain, including marigolds, pansies and edible nasturtiums.