Two major factors in catching big bass are the bait and lures used, but fishing techniques are also important. Big bass require more calories than small bass and big baits are commonly used. The slow presentation is most effective and when presented as a wounded food source, your bait will attract larger bass. The best time to catch big bass is during the spring, when the fish are spawning in shallow water.
Spinnerbaits are a favorite for anglers targeting big bass. The motion of the spinner is annoying when placed in front of a trophy bass and can entice a reaction strike. Spinnerbaits can also be used in a variety of waters. Small lures are ideal for fishing shallow waters during the spawning season while the large lures can be used for targeting bass in deep water. Spinnerbaits are also effective for targeting bass in cover. Retrieve the lure along the edge of weed beds and bank-side vegetation where bass will wait to ambush prey. Use 1/4-ounce spinnerbaits in shallow water on a fast retrieve and use baits up to 2 ounces on a slow retrieve in deep water.
Plastic worms are used by many professional anglers targeting big bass. "Stitching" large black, olive and brown worms on a light line can separate the average bass from the trophy. This technique is especially effective in pressured waters where the fish have seen a large number of plugs and spinnerbaits. Stitching requires you to cast the worm and allow it to sink to the bottom. Once the worm has reached the bottom, use your hand to slowly twist the line. Make several hand twists before you reel the slack, then repeat the process. The technique is a test of patience as you retrieve the worm at a snail's pace, but it is effective for big bass.
Plugs are a traditional lure that have been consistently effective on big bass for decades. The plug uses a stick-style design to represent a wounded baitfish when retrieved. Plugs can be trolled behind a boat or used on a cast-and-retrieve approach. Both methods of fishing plugs are effective, but the cast and retrieve allows the angler to work around structure and control the retrieve. Fish the deep slots, along shelves and structure. The slow retrieve with intermittent pause is effective for targeting big fish. Use plugs that represent natural baitfish in the lake you are fishing. Shad, trout, panfish and juvenile bass are all productive choices. Dark black and brown plugs are also efficient as general searching patterns for larger bass.
Article Written By Zach Lazzari
Zach Lazzari is an outdoor writing specialist. He has experience in website writing as well as standard newspaper writing. He wrote an outdoor column for the Silver World in Lake City, Colo., and articles for Colorado-mountain-adventure.com. Lazzari is currently completing his bachelor's degree online through Arizona State University and lives in southwest Montana.