Types of Hawaiian Flowers

Types of Hawaiian Flowers
Hawaii's subtropical climate and rich volcanic soils make for a lush environment for bright, sweet-smelling flowers. Perhaps you will be walking or hiking through some of Hawaii's trails and are interested in what you may see, or perhaps you have already been to Hawaii and are wondering what bright blooms you have seen. Here are a few common flowers that grow in Hawaii.

Hawaiian Hibiscus

Though the purple-leaved hibiscus also grows in Hawaii, the yellow hibiscus is Hawaii's state flower. Hibiscus bushes bear flowers year-round in Hawaii though predominantly in the spring. The blooms are most commonly light yellow with a fading, deep red center. They have five large round petals that are slightly wavy and resemble tissue paper. These flowers can grow between four and six inches across and the leaves are toothed around the edges. They grow on tall shrubs that are three to 15 feet tall, depending on the age of the plant.


Bird of Paradise

These flowers strike an outstanding pose which rather resembles a bird in flight or, some say, the head of a crane. Its exotic shape and vibrant orange, green, blue and red colors make it an incredibly memorable bloom. They bloom from early fall through early spring. It can be confusing to identify the flower's petals as its formation is unlike most other flowers. The three upright orange parts are actually sepals and the three cerulean blue spiky parts are the petals. The leaves resemble large, shiny, dark green banana leaves, and indeed the Bird of Paradise plant is in the banana family, though it bears no similar fruit.


These flowers are often used in the making of leis and can bloom in creamy white, yellow, magenta or purple. Some are two-toned while others are a solid color. Though the shape varies slightly between the eight or more species, they all have five petals, most of which overlap and are oval or elliptical in shape. They grow on tree-like shrubs and bloom from early spring to late fall. Plumeria are known for their delightfully sweet scent, which is used in some perfumes.


Article Written By Naomi Judd

Naomi M. Judd is a naturalist, artist and writer. Her work has been published in various literary journals, newspapers and websites. Judd holds a self-designed Bachelor of Arts in adventure writing from Plymouth State University and is earning a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing from the University of Southern Maine.

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