Located on the northeastern mountains of Puerto Rico, in the El Yunque National Forest, lies a small, crescent-shaped area known as the El Yunque Rainforest. It gathers its rains---over 240 inches yearly---from coastal moisture that collects as clouds toward the eastern tops of the mountain, providing a wet, verdant ecosystem full of palms, epiphytes (plants that grow on trees) and wildlife.
Puerto Rican Amazon
The Puerto Rican parrot, also called the Puerto Rican Amazon or Iguaca, is the only parrot native to the island of Puerto Rico. Its feathers are predominantly green except for white-feathered rings around the eyes and a red-feathered mark above the beak. As of 2006, only 30 to 40 species remain free in the wild, and these exist mainly in the El Yunque Rainforest.
The coquí is a frog indigenous to Puerto Rico. It gets its name from the high-pitched sound the male makes at night. Throughout history, the coquí has filled the crafts, songs and paintings of the Puerto Rican people. It also acts as the main predator of flies, mosquitoes and other insects on the island that would otherwise overpopulate and bother tourists and crop production. The mountain coquí in the El Yunque Rainforest is one of only two species that sing at night.
Puerto Rican Tody
Also known as San Pedrito, or little Saint Peter, the Puerto Rican tody is a small, bright green and yellow feathered bird with a white belly, a red throat and a long beak. It grows to a max size of 4.25 inches, making it a hard bird to spot, but its loud nasal beep can be heard from anywhere within a couple hundred feet. Because it makes its home in damp, high altitudes, the tody is most likely to be seen in the El Yunque Rainforest.
Article Written By Sky Smith
Sky Smith has been writing on psychology, electronics, health and fitness since 2002 for various online publications. He graduated from the University of Florida with honors in 2005, earning a Bachelor of Science in psychology and statistics with a minor in math.