Rod & Reel
The first things you'll need to get are a fishing rod and reel. The type of rod and reel you need will depend on what kind of fishing you want yo do. For instance, you may wish to go float fishing from a boat, fish from a pier or fish from a beach. The location where you fish will also determine what kind of fish you are going to catch. Larger fish require bigger and stronger rods and reels. A safe bet is a medium-light rod from 5.5 to 6.5 feet in length with a corresponding reel. This kind of equipment will let you catch most types of small and medium-sized fish.
You'll also need a fishing line. Again, the line measurements will depend on what kind of fishing you want to do. Lighter line allows you to cast farther, but it is also more easily broken so it doesn't work well with bigger fish. Heavier lines also have their advantages and disadvantages. You may wish to start with an 8-pound fishing line. This is ideal for a medium-light rod that can be used to catch most kinds of fish. Get a 100-yard spool of line at the very least. Smaller fish can be caught with a 5-pound line, and larger fish may require 15-pound line. Ask the attendant at your local sporting goods store if you have any questions about what you should use.
Floats, Weights and Hooks
Other supplies to catch fish include floats, weights and hooks. You'll need at least 2 floats, 2 sets of hooks and 2 different weights. A small plastic float is attached to the line in order to help you keep track of your line and hook after you cast into the water. Weights are also attached near the hook in order to keep line drift to a minimum. use a 2 oz weight for calm water and a 4 oz weight for rougher waters. Hooks are important too, and you need to get the right length hook to match the kind of fish you are catching. Longer hook hold bigger bait and bigger loads, while smaller hooks are fine for catching smaller fish.
Another essential is bait. The kind of bait you use depends on what kind of fishing you are doing. There are some common bait options including flies, mackerel strips, rag worms, lug worms and live prawns. Bring a bucket to store the bait when you go fishing.
Bring a cooler with ice along on the day of the fishing trip if you plan on taking the fish you catch home with you to clean and eat or sell. A cooler with ice will help keep the fish fresh and limit odor.
It is also a good idea to bring along some basic first-aid supplies and other necessities when going on a fishing trip. It's unlikely that anyone will get injured, but you might want to have some dressings and anti-bacterial gels to apply on cuts or grazes sustained from handling your hooks or slipping on wet rocks. You may also need some sun-screen. Pack plenty of water and some snacks as well to keep your body fueled and hydrated throughout the duration of your outing.