The most important element to remember when camping in the cold weather is to arrive wearing layers. The layering system allows you to protect yourself against the elements that can get not just incredibly uncomfortable, but also downright dangerous. Arriving prepared before the weather turns dangerous can protect exposed skin as well as fight off the effects of hypothermia.
You must take every precaution to protect your feet against the damage caused by cold weather. Wear at least two pairs of thick woolen socks beneath a pair of leather mountain boots. These boots should in turn be insulated with heavy-duty gaiters. The best gaiters are those that are knee-length. If there is a possibility you may get stranded in deep snow or icy conditions, you should consider a pair of plastic snow boots with a thermal inner boot fitted inside a plastic outer boot. In order to facilitate movement over snow or ice, you should pack a pair of crampons that attach to the outside of the boot to provide a tougher grip.
The first layer of clothing that you wear next to your skin should be able to absorb sweat as well as any natural moisture that is able to seep into through the outer layer of clothing. A good choice is thermal longjohns made from a material that is both comfortable and insulating. The middle layer should be loose-fitting and long-sleeved. The ideal choice is a one-piece suit that will not dislodge near the waist and expose bare or barely covered sin. The outer layer of clothing should include something like a woolen sweater or fleece jacket. To increase your chances of outdoor survival in cold weather, this outer layer of clothing should be made of a water-repellent fabric that is lightweight so that it does not inhibit movement and keeps you dry at the same time.
Head and Neck
Protection of your head and neck is important for survival in cold weather. The best possible protection while providing you with the ability to see clearly is a balaclava. This item of apparel covers your entire head and comes down to cover your neck. How much of your face you want cover depends on the style of balaclava you choose. You may choose to cover all but your eyes or leave most of your face exposed to the elements.
Gloves are a vital aspect of cold weather survival. The best choice is layered protection of your hands and fingers. Begin with fine silk gloves that touch the skin and then follow with woolen or fiber-pile gloves. The easiest thing to pull down over these will be waterproof outer mitts. Attach your mitts by a string or cord to your jacket so they do not blow away when you remove them.
Article Written By Timothy Sexton
Timothy Sexton is an award-winning author who started writing in 1994. He has written on topics ranging from politics and golf to nutrition and travel, and his work appears online for Zappos.com, Disaboom and MOJO, among others. He has also done work for "Sherlock Holmes and Philosophy." He holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of West Florida.