Wild Edible Plants in Texas

Wild Edible Plants in TexasPeople have used edible plants for hundreds of years as food sources, medicine and seasoning. Every state produces wild plants that can be used as food and the southwestern state of Texas has wild edible plants that grow in various places. These wild edible plants in Texas serve as food for people on nature hikes and wildlife camping trips. People can use many of these plants as natural food sources, even if they do not go on nature walks.

Mustang Grapes

Mustang grapes are wild edible plants from Texas that people commonly used for making homemade wine. The grapes produced from the vines ripen between August and September and appear dark purple, and they have a bitter, irritating taste which makes them unpleasant to eat raw.

Texas Prickly Pear

Prickly Pear

The University of Texas at Austin Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center states that cactus plants that reach approximately five feet tall produce Texas prickly pears. These edible wild Texas plants look like yellow, spiny fruits at first and ripen into a purple, seedy plant. The petal colors appear yellow, yellow-orange or red. People use these sweet, wild edible plants to make preserves and homemade fruit beverages.

Pequin Chilies (pictured above)

Pequin chilies are wild edible plants in Texas that are one of the smallest peppers, but also one of the hottest. These oval-shaped peppers ripen from green to a deep red or red-orange. People dry these edible peppers and use them in dishes such as salsa, soups, vinegars, beans and hot pepper seasoning. Pequin chilies that are not dried are pickled and preserved. These edible wild peppers combine smoky, citrus, and nutty flavor combinations.

Black Persimmon

The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center says that black persimmon produces an urn-shaped flower that eventually grows up to one inch in diameter. People pick black persimmons between July and September, when these wild edible plants of Texas ripen into a sweet, black fruit. The downside to eating black persimmons is that they stain teeth, lips and hands.

Texas Barberry

These wild edible plants in Texas grow to three or four inches tall on evergreen plants. The yellow flowers of the Texas barberry can be picked between February and early April, producing a red, edible berry with a somewhat bitter taste.

Wild Bergamot

Wild bergamot, a popular wild edible plant in Texas, produces a cluster of lavender, pink or white flowers on top of a two to five foot stem. The leaves emit a minty aroma that grows year round. People use the aromatic leaves of the wild bergamot to make teas.

Article Written By Cicely A. Richard

Based in Tucson, Ariz., Cicely A. Richard has been writing since 1996. Her articles have been published in the “Arizona Daily Star” newspaper and “ForeWord Magazine.” Richard earned Bachelor of Arts degrees in English and journalism from Louisiana State University. .

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