What Clothes Do I Need When Skiing?

What Clothes Do I Need When Skiing?
Skiing demands the proper attire. Clothing needs to fully protect you from cold and moisture. This means not only keeping snow, wind and outside wetness out, but also keeping moisture off your body and getting rid of it quickly and effectively. Wear the wrong attire and you'll be cold, wet and uncomfortable. Get it right, and you'll be able to forget all about your clothing and focus on what's important: getting out on the slopes and enjoying yourself.

Layering

The basis of dressing for skiing and the majority of outdoor winter sports is dressing in layers. Specifically, you'll need three layers: a base, a mid-layer and an outer layer. Your base layer is responsible for wicking your perspiration away from your body and dispersing it into the air quickly, so that the wetness doesn't sit against your skin. The mid-layer provides most of your warmth. Outerwear serves to keep both water and wind outside while allowing moisture from inside to escape.

Base

The base layer is quite simple. It needs to include tight, thin garments made from materials like merino wool and polyester blends. Base-layer garments include long-sleeved shirts, long johns and underwear. While cotton is a popular material for casual undergarments, it shouldn't be used for skiing. Cotton retains moisture, turning into a cold, wet, heavy mess while you're skiing. Stick with garments designed specifically as skiing/sport base layers. Consider a good pair of warm wool or polyester socks part of your base layer.

Mid-layer

The mid-layer is the insulation. This is where you really need to pay attention to how cold the predicted temperatures are for your ski day and how much clothing keeps you comfortable. When in doubt, dress on the warm side and wear multiple heavy garments. You should not try to overheat on the slopes; however, should you get hot, it's much easier to take a shirt off than to try to warm yourself with too little clothing. Mid-layers include garments like pants, sweaters and fleece jackets. Cotton should still be avoided, and materials like fleece and wool will be much more effective. The mid-layer is sometimes included within outerwear in the form of built-in insulation. Different weight materials and varying garments such as jackets, shirts and vests will help to tailor your clothing to the specific conditions of the day.

Outerwear

Outerwear is your ski jacket and ski pants. These need to be waterproof and allow your body to breathe. Waterproof ratings designate a garment's protection factor, and breathability ratings indicate how breathable the garments are. Both indicators range from approximately 5,000 to 30,000; waterproof ratings are provided in millimeters and breathability is provided in grams. The higher the number, the better the rating. Waterproofness relates directly to windproofness, so a high waterproof rating translates to a garment that will knock down wind very effectively. It's not necessary to aim for the highest rating, unless you intend extreme trips, but it's good practice to aim for the mid to upper section of the scale. Consider how wet and heavy the snow is where you ski and how cold and windy it is when choosing outerwear. Built-in venting is an excellent outerwear feature that provides additional cooling and breathability when temperatures rise.

Hats, Gloves and Accessories

No ski ensemble is complete without the right accessories. The parts of your body covered by accessories are the most prone to losing heat and becoming cold and numb. A good pair of skiing gloves should be waterproof and insulated. A removable liner is helpful when it comes to adding or subtracting insulation. A warm winter hat with an extra inner lining around the ears is a second essential accessory of skiing. Many helmets include insulation to both protect your head and keep it warm. Finally, for extremely cold, windy, snowy conditions, cover all parts of your body. Face masks, scarves and neck gaiters will protect the skin that is usually left exposed. Don't forget a good pair of ski goggles or sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun and wind.

Article Written By Joe Fletcher

Joe Fletcher has been a writer since 2002, starting his career in politics and legislation. He has written travel and outdoor recreation articles for a variety of print and online publications, including "Rocky Mountain Magazine" and "Bomb Snow." He received a Bachelor of Arts in political science from Rutgers College.

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