Shelter for survival is not designed to provide comfort for the survivalist, but instead to simply provide protection from the elements. A shelter can also serve as a base of operations and to boost morale in survival situations. Shelters may range from a cave to a burrow in the snow or a branch-and-leaf-covered lean-to. A shelter-building station can give your Scouts the basic knowledge of the purpose behind shelters, and the best shelter to build for any conditions. For hands-on-learning, Scouts can compete in timed shelter-building competitions.
Building a fire is a basic skill that all survivalists should know. Yet many people cannot build a fire without dry firewood, fuel and matches. In survival situations, fire can be used to provide heat and light, as well as for cooking food and as a signal in case of emergency. A fire-building competition is already a common event at a Boy Scout camporee. You provide the firewood; the competing patrol provides a sharpened pocket knife, flint and matches. Scoring is based on the time it takes to build a fire. Two minutes are added for each match used.
Accidents and injuries that would require a simple trip to the hospital in the city can prove fatal in the wilderness if you don't know first aid. Wilderness first aid may involve coping with variable environments, limited equipment and the need for extended care to a victim of an accident until a rescue party arrives. All first aid should include CPR, as well as how to treat frostbite, hypothermia and dehydration, as well as infections from cuts, blisters and burns.
Your Scouts can demonstrate their knowledge of basic first aid by competing in a first-aid preparedness competition. During the course of this competition, each member of the patrol should demonstrate bandaging skills, as well as stretcher and one-man-carry skills; build a sling; construct a splint for a broken arm; and treat shock. The event is timed, with the most points going to the patrol that can demonstrate the skills in the shortest time.
Article Written By Tracy Morris
Tracy Morris has been a freelance writer since 2000. She has published novels and numerous online articles. Her work has appeared in national magazines and newspapers including "Ferrets," "CatFancy," "Lexington Herald Leader" and "The Tulsa World." She holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from the University of Arkansas.