How to Fish for Salmon or Trout

How to Fish for Salmon or TroutSalmon or trout fishing is typically done on a stream or river. These fish are found in colder waters and are sought after by anglers around the world. Fly fishing, spin-casting and spinning are common means by which these fish are caught. A wide range of baits are also used, including wet and dry flies, spinners, live baits and artificial baits. The size of the fish and the water being fished will dictate the type and size of rod and reel used.


Difficulty: Moderately Easy

How to:

Things You’ll Need:
  • Fishing rod and reel
  • Terminal tackle and bait
  • Net or gaff
  • Waders
Step 1
Locate waters in which trout and salmon may be caught. Individual state wildlife resource websites offer information on fishing opportunities. Make sure that fishing is allowed and legal and that all necessary licenses are obtained.
Step 2
Survey the water, looking for areas in which trout or salmon may be located. Look for eddies, which is the still water behind rocks and structures. Also look for over hanging trees and bank undercuts which often provide deep pockets of water or shade which attract these fish.
Step 3
Move to a location which allows for reaching the area to be fished with the rod and reel. Wading may be necessary to move to favorable locations. Use slow and steady movements when wading and stay parallel to the current.
Step 4
Cast the bait or lure to a location which will allow the bait to move past the front of the fish. Keep in mind that trout and salmon will be facing up stream, or into the current, as they wait for food to wash down to them. Corn, night crawlers, spinners, small plugs, flies, and even bread dough balls are all excellent baits for trout and salmon.
Step 5
Allow the fish to take the lure before setting the hook. Keep tension on the line and work the fish away from stronger currents and structure to avoid losing the fish. Carefully net the fish, avoiding contacting the skin of the fish as much as possible, especially when practicing catch and release.

Tips & Warnings

Use caution when fishing to avoid accidentally becoming hooked by lures. Also use caution when wading to avoid spills and falls.

Article Written By Tara Dooley

Tara Dooley has written for various websites since 2008. She has worked as an accountant, after-school director and retail manager in various locations. Dooley holds a Bachelor of Science in business management and finance.

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