How to Survive in the Wilderness With Nothing

How to Survive in the Wilderness With Nothing
Being stranded in the wilderness is uncommon, but it does sometimes happen to hikers and campers. You often can use what you have with you to survive, but in some circumstances, such as emergencies, your pack or supplies might get lost. In those cases, you'll need to understand the art of survival with nothing.


Difficulty: Challenging

Step 1
Assess the situation, discerning what dangers are near and whether leaving the area will be safer than staying put. If you are on exposed land, seek more sheltered terrain.
Step 2
Find shelter or build it. Rocky crags, downed trees and thick forests all give you some protection. You also can build your own shelter by leaning branches against a downed log or tree trunk and layering thick pine boughs over them.
Step 3
Build a fire using the material around you. By rubbing a solid stick up and down the grain of a larger piece of wood, you can create glowing embers. Put small, dry leaves and moss on the embers, then blow gently on the pile to ignite it. It typically takes five to seven minutes to create embers.
Step 4
Cover your fire with green boughs when you leave your campsite to keep the coals hot so you don't have to rebuild the fire.
Step 5
Hunt for tools. A sharp rock can be used to carve a spear, vines make excellent rope, and pine sap provides a fast way to revive coals: mix the sap with tinder (such as twigs), place it on top of the embers and blow on it until the fire restarts.
Step 6
Look for food and water. Drink water from as close to its source as you can. Look for wild edibles such as salmon berries, blueberries, huckleberries, pine nuts (from pine cones), acorns, walnuts, pine leaves, wild onions and garlic. In general, if you see birds or small animals eating it, then it is most likely edible---however, stay away from white berries. You can also try to catch small animals. If you do, make sure you cook them thoroughly before eating.
Step 7
Cook your food using sticks and rocks as a stove or grill. Weave green sticks together and place them on piles of ricks for a grill, or sharpen the end of a stick with a rock and use it as a roasting stick.
Step 8
Use your time wisely and think coherently. Make cautious but rational decisions, and divide your time evenly between the tasks you must complete during the day.

Tips & Warnings

If you are lost, attach shiny objects to your shelter and yourself to make spotting you easier.
Heating dry rocks and packing them around you at night will keep you warmer.
Never hike alone, since emergencies usually require two people. Always stay with a buddy to be safe.
Always tell someone where you are going and how long you will be.

Article Written By Justin Chen

Justin Chen is a freelance writer and photographer with 6 years of professional experience in outdoor activities, extreme sports, travel and marketing topics. His professional work experience includes publication with KOMO 4 News Seattle, Fisher Interactive Network, and Demand Studios. He is a current Pre-Med student at Walla Walla University.

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