How to Chum & Bait Freshwater Fish

How to Chum & Bait Freshwater FishChumming is a technique often related to fishing in saltwater, but works just as well with freshwater species of fish. In fact, freshwater anglers who use chum are probably catching more fish than those who do not. There are many recipes for chum. It is up to the angler in deciding which recipe and method work best. Making chum is easy, though it is smelly and can be messy, but you will catch fish with it.


Difficulty: Moderately Easy

How to:

Things You’ll Need:
  • Minnows
  • Trash fish
  • Old meat
  • Crawfish
  • Worms
  • Cat food
  • Cornmeal
  • Blender
  • Food Processor
  • Plastic Bag
  • Water
  • Mesh bag
  • Chum bag
Step 1
Set up your work area in a place, such as the garage, where you won't mind the smell or the chum mixture dropping on the table or floor. If working in the kitchen, remember the smell may overtake the area for an hour or more.
Step 2
Cut up dead minnows, trash fish, or old meat into small chunks and add them to a food processor or blender. Throw in dead crawfish or worms, if you have them. Add 2 cans of cat food to the mixture, as well as approximately 2 cups of cornmeal. Blend the ingredients together.
Step 3
Pour the chum mixture into a gallon-sized plastic bag. Add water to the mixture until it just covers it. Place the bag inside of the freezer and allow the chum to freeze.
Step 4
Remove the chum from the freezer when you are ready to go fishing. Approximately 15 to 20 minutes before you start fishing, place some of the chum into a mesh bag or fish chum bag.
Step 5
Lower the chum bag into the water to the depth you will be fishing. Raise the bag up and then lower it again, to allow the mixture to spread throughout the fishing area, attracting more fish.
Step 6
Start fishing after the chum starts to melt and attracts smaller fish, which will in turn attract larger gamefish such as bass. Add another bag of chum to the area to continue attracting more fish.

Tips & Warnings

If one chum recipe is not getting results, change it. You can add anything to your chum recipe such as hot dogs, bread, corn or anything else that attracts the fish.
Bait stores also carry metal chum baskets that eliminate the need to wash your chum bags or purchase new ones. They're a bit pricier, but in the end you'll save money because you won't have to buy new mesh bags.

Article Written By Joyce Starr

Joyce Starr is a professional writer from Florida and owns a landscaping company and garden center. She has published articles about camping in Florida, lawn care and gardening and writes for a local gardening newsletter. She shares her love and knowledge of the outdoors and nature through her writing.

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