How to Survive in the Wilderness of Canada

How to Survive in the Wilderness of Canada
Wilderness survival is potentially one of the most grueling and difficult situations an individual can face. From physical to psychological stress, surviving in a wilderness setting is filled with obstacles and constantly changing circumstances. Wilderness areas of Canada are some of the most challenging on earth. It is often times best to approach a survival situation from a worst-case scenario. In the case of the Canadian wilderness, this would include clothing that might be less than sufficient for survival in often severe weather conditions. However, with some basic knowledge, it is possible to survive until rescue arrives.

Instructions

Difficulty: Challenging

Things You’ll Need:
  • water knife signal mirror matches or other fire-starting device
  • water
  • knife
  • signal mirror
  • matches or other fire-starting device
Step 1
Drink water. Water is essential for your physical and mental well-being. Without water, the body will begin to shut down within a day or two, and sooner depending on temperatures. Remain calm, as this will aid in your body's water conservation.
Step 2
Locate a source of food. If you didn't carry in food and there is no food available from a survival kit, you will need to rely on the wilderness for food. You can eat numerous plants, but you'll need some knowledge of what's safe; many can be deadly. Setting snare traps with wire or cord is an excellent means of surviving, but keep in mind that most wild animals are very lean. The lack of fat can have detrimental effects because your body requires you to consume a certain amount of fat. Eating only lean meat can cause health problems that, in the wilderness, can prove to be deadly.
Step 3
Don't panic. Stay calm and assess the situation. Do not set off through the woods trying to find that road or trail that is just on the other side of the hill or around the corner. Nine times out of 10, the trail or road is not there, and the end result is more trouble. If you continue to press farther into unknown terrain, you will most likely make rescue more difficult. Also, heading off into the wilderness can result in serious injury because of unknown drop-offs, ledges and other terrain.
Step 4
Make preparations for signaling search crews or other individuals. A signal mirror is excellent for signaling search aircraft, but this is a pinpoint method to some degree as the flash of the mirror must be sighted to hit the search vehicle. Another option is to prepare a large fire. Have green boughs from pine or other trees available to add to the fire. For daytime signaling, this will produce thick plumes of smoke for searchers.
Step 5
Building a fire is useful in other ways, too. A fire will provide warmth for long cold nights and help stave off hypothermia. You can cook food or any game you might trap over a fire. Perhaps most importantly, a good fire can provide a psychological boost. By building a fire, you are taking some degree of control over the situation and effecting a change. Feeling in control, even to a small degree, can be of enormous value.

Tips & Warnings

 
One of the best ways to survive in a wilderness setting is to prepare. Assemble a basic survival kit and know how to use it.
 
Surviving in the Canadian wilderness may require drawing upon every available resource. A situation can quickly turn tragic through a small misstep or miscalculation.

Article Written By Tara Dooley

Tara Dooley has written for various websites since 2008. She has worked as an accountant, after-school director and retail manager in various locations. Dooley holds a Bachelor of Science in business management and finance.

Keep Me Informed

Weekly newsletters, announcements and offers from Trails.com to your inbox.

Sign me up!

We HATE spam and promise to keep your email addresses safe and secure.