Black bass are native to America. James A. Henshall's classic study of black bass and black bass angling, "Book of the Black Bass," was published in 1881.
Black bass are identified by their large mouths in which the upper jaw extends past the eye. Their coloration starts with a blackish back, fading from dark green to pale green, finally ending with an off-white belly. A dark diffuse stripe runs along its sides.
The black bass is found in every state except Alaska, making it the most popular gamefish in the country. Specimens from Southern states tend to grow larger than those inhabiting Northern waters.
Black bass flies break down into two main categories: dry flies and wet flies. Dry flies usually imitate surface food items such as insects such as ants, beetles, grasshoppers and mice. Wet flies can represent small fish, leeches, worms and crayfish.
Flies for black bass vary greatly in size. A smaller size hook, such as a No. 14, might be used to imitate a beetle, while a mouse imitation might be tied on a large No. 2 hook.
Black bass are found in shallow waters beneath the cover of cattails, lily pads, grass beds, submerged stumps and boat docks. After taking a fly, black bass will often explode from the water and shake their heads in an attempt to throw the hook.
Article Written By Paul Weidknecht
Paul Weidknecht’s non-fiction has appeared in "Outdoor Life," "Yale Anglers' Journal," "Fur-Fish-Game," "Snowy Egret," and elsewhere. His fiction has appeared in "Clapboard House," "Potomac Review" online, "Stone's Throw" magazine, "The Oklahoma Review," and "Freight Train" magazine. He lives in northwest New Jersey. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from Muhlenberg College.