Brown kiwis originally inhabited lowland and coastal forests of the North Island, but modern populations must accommodate major alterations to this habitat: Today, they can also be found in agricultural land and tree plantations.
The least numerous of kiwis is the rowi. It survives today only in the podocarp/broadleaf lowland forest of an established sanctuary on the west-central coast of the South Island.
Great Spotted Kiwi
The largest of the kiwis inhabits the mountains of the northern peninsula of the South Island, favoring rugged terrain between 2,300 feet and 3,600 feet. According to the Save the Kiwi Trust, the great spotted's diverse habitats include "tussock grasslands, beech forests, podocarp/hardwood forests, scrub and pasture."
Little Spotted Kiwi
The little spotted kiwi, the smallest of the five species, survives mainly on a handful of offshore islands. On Kapiti Island, where they are most plentiful, they utilize all available habitats, from grassland and scrub to forest.
Four types of the primitive tokoeka are known from the South Island. Most favor mountainous habitats, but some, like the Steward Island tokoeka, also range in coastal dunes and lower-elevation scrub.