Protection of Animals in National Parks in the U.S.

Protection of Animals in National Parks in the U.S.
While the first national parks in the United States (which led the international movement) were centered around scenic vistas, they quickly became equally renowned for their wildlife, often far more numerous and easily seen than outside such protected reserves. Today, viewing animals is one of the primary draws for park visitors, whether seeking the birds and alligators of the Everglades or the big rain forest elk of Olympic.

History

While many wildlife species were protected in the early days of national park management (beginning in the 1870s), predators like pumas, bears, and coyotes were initially considered undesirable and actively hunted. In a striking sign of evolving management and perspective, Yellowstone National Park (the world's first) reintroduced gray wolves in 1995 and 1996, which had been eliminated intentionally by the early 20th century, and they quickly reoccupied their ecological niche.

Hunting and Trapping

Today, hunting and trapping are not allowed in national parks, except under special circumstances.

Harassment

While visitors are encouraged to observe and enjoy wildlife, national parks strictly prohibit the harassment of animals. Beyond the obvious, this also includes simply approaching a creature directly, which can stress it out and promote aggression.

Safety

Such regulations protect people, too: Yellowstone forbids getting within 100 yards of grizzly and black bears, for example, which typically avoid people but can respond aggressively if provoked.

Learning More

Any given park may have its own special regulations concerning wildlife. Check in at park offices and visitor centers to get the full skinny---and to find out the best places to observe animals.

Article Written By Ethan Schowalter-Hay

Ethan Schowalter-Hay is a writer and naturalist living in Oregon. He has written for the "Observer," the Bureau of Land Management and various online publishers. He holds a Bachelor of Science in wildlife ecology and a graduate certificate in geographic information systems from the University of Wisconsin.

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