Abrasions stay superficial on the skin and might cause minor bleeding. Just like a scrape on a human, abrasions aren't life threatening but need thorough cleaning.
Cutting deeper into tissue, lacerations result from blunt trauma. Everything from barbed wired to stinks can cause a laceration while your dog bounds down a trail. Lacerations might require stitches. Clean the wound and head to the vet.
Strains and Sprains
Dogs can pull a muscle or tear a tendon if they're overzealous during activity. Minor strains and sprains don't require medical attention, but you should call it a day and let your dog rest.
From a campfire or a dropped pot of hot water, burns on a dog can be mild or life threatening. Cool burns with cool water and head to the vet.
Even though dogs are closer to the ground and lighter on their feet, a misstep or fall can cause a broken bone. Carry your dog back to the trailhead and seek medical attention.
A dog can overuse the pads on his paws, causing sores, abrasions and burns. Check your dog's pads to watch for wear. For longer trips, consider a pair of canine boots.
Article Written By Kathrine Cole
Kathrine Cole is a professional outdoor educator. She teaches rock climbing, backpacking, cycling, and bike maintenance classes. She is a graduate of the National Outdoor Leadership School, a Wilderness First Responder, and a Leave No Trace Trainer.