Marabou plumes are a common tail material because these wispy feathers impart action to the fly with the slightest movement.
Chenille is the most popular body material because it is pre-strung and just needs to be wrapped on the hook from back to front. Dubbing is another popular material that is twisted or spun around the thread, then wound around the hook.
The hackle is a feather that is tied in at the tip and wound around the hook. This flairs the fibers of the feather on the fly's body.
Thread is used to secure the materials in place as the fly is being constructed. Most fly tiers prefer a waxed thread as this material doesn't slide on the hook during the fly-tying process.
Bead heads are a popular means of weighting a fly because they slide on the hook and add a bit of flash to the fly.
Article Written By Brian M. Kelly
Brian M. Kelly has been freelance writing since 2003. His work has been published in respected outdoor magazines such as Outdoor Life, Great Lakes Angler and Salmon Trout Steelheader. He holds an associate's degree in automated machine design from Macomb College.