Copper Canyon, otherwise known as Barranca del Cobre, is not actually just one canyon. It's a series of canyons in Northern Mexico. The area is a rugged terrain covering some 25,000 square miles, and it's home to a variety of wildlife and plant life.
Copper Canyon began forming about 90 million years ago, making it younger than the Grand Canyon. However, it is already several times bigger and deeper than the Grand Canyon.
Volcanic eruptions between 20 to 40 million years ago threw up volcanic ash and pumice which helped to form the rocks in the region. The canyon itself was carved out by six rivers which merge into the Rio Fuerte and out into the Sea of Cortez.
Though the area is known as "Copper" Canyon (named for the copper hues of the Rio Urique canyon wall), the old town of Batopilas was known for its silver mining operations.
The rim of the canyon is home to 200 species of oak trees and a large variety of pine trees. The canyon bottom is home to palm and fig trees.
Amongst the wildlife that lives in this diverse area are puma, black bear, boar and a large variety of bird species.
Article Written By Shiromi Nassreen
Shiromi Nassreen has been writing professionally since 2005. She specializes in travel and outdoor topics, and her articles have appeared in various print and online publications, including "DISfunkshion Magazine" and Matador Travel. Nassreen holds a Bachelor of Arts in theatre studies from Rose Bruford College of Speech & Drama.