In 1872, Yellowstone was set aside by the U.S. Congress as the first national park without much opposition. However, the Grand Tetons, which were not added to the National Park System until 1929, faced much stiffer opposition.
National parks are established as an Act of Congress and then the bill must be signed into law by the President of the United States. This means that a national parks bill has to pass the vote of both the House and Senate.
The park that was first established in 1929 was much smaller the Grand Teton National Park of today. It only included the Teton range and eight glacial lakes located at the base of the mountains.
Jackson Hole National Momument
In 1943, Franklin Delano Roosevelt established the Jackson Hole National Monument by presidential decree. In accordance with the Antiquities Act of 1906, the president of the United States can create a national monument on federal land without the approval of Congress.
In reality, it was a generous gift of land purchased by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. that lead to the current boundaries of the present-day Grand Teton National Park. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, Mr. Rockefeller purchased 35,000 acres of land located between Yellowstone and the original Grand Teton National Park, which would later be incorporated into the Teton park.
In 1950, Congress passed a bill that united the original Grand Teton park, the Jackson Hole National Monument and John D. Rockefeller's 35,000-acre donation into the Grand Teton National Park. The bill was signed by President Harry S. Truman.
Article Written By Henri Bauholz
Henri Bauholz is a professional writer covering a variety of topics, including hiking, camping, foreign travel and nature. He has written travel articles for several online publications and his travels have taken him all over the world, from Mexico to Latin America and across the Atlantic to Europe.