Mexico is composed of many different landforms due in part to the geological shifting of plate tectonics in the region. The geography of this country includes mountains, plains, plateaus, canyons and caves.
Mexico is home to several mountain ranges including the Sierra Madre, Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra de Pachuca and the Sierra Nevada.
Highest and Lowest Points
The highest point in Mexico is the volcano Mount Orizaba, which is located in Southern Mexico; it reaches 18,697 feet. The lowest depression in Mexico is Laguna Salada, at 33 feet below sea level.
The Yucatan Peninsula, which borders Central America, is very flat. The coast all along the Gulf of California is also quite flat as is the Pacific side of the Baja Peninsula.
Copper Canyon is Mexico's most prevalent canyon. It is located in the Sierra Madre mountain range and is composed of six main canyons that together rival the Grand Canyon of the Unites States in size.
Plains and Plateaus
Mexico's Central Plateau is a large feature in the country, covering nearly a fifth of Mexico. The Northeast Coastal Plain stretches from the Gulf of Mexico to the eastern parts of the Sierra Madre Oriental.
Article Written By Naomi Judd
Naomi M. Judd is a naturalist, artist and writer. Her work has been published in various literary journals, newspapers and websites. Judd holds a self-designed Bachelor of Arts in adventure writing from Plymouth State University and is earning a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing from the University of Southern Maine.