Mexico is home to a wide range of natural environments including deserts, tropical forest and mountains, all with their own microclimates. Many of these environments are endangered in some way and are habitats for endangered plants and animals.
Mexico contains part of the Maya forest, which is a tropical forest in the Mesoamerica and Caribbean region.
The Nature Conservancy is setting up protected lands in these tropical forest areas that contain almost half of the world's species and house ancient ruins. These forests also help recycle carbon dioxide and create fresh oxygen.
Stretching 800 miles from the southwestern Unites States to Central Mexico is the Chihuahuan Desert. Winter nighttime temperatures can reach below freezing in this region but daytime summer temperatures can reach above 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
On either side of Mexico's greatest desert are two mountain ranges, the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre Occidental. Because of these, there is such dry environment between them.
Cool Areas of Mexico
Though many people think of Mexico as being hot, there are areas where the environment stays quite cool. There is often snow at the top of the Mount Orizaba, which is the highest point in the country at 18,697 feet.
Article Written By Naomi Judd
Naomi M. Judd is a naturalist, artist and writer. Her work has been published in various literary journals, newspapers and websites. Judd holds a self-designed Bachelor of Arts in adventure writing from Plymouth State University and is earning a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing from the University of Southern Maine.