The History of Kruger National Park

The History of Kruger National Park
Kruger National Park, which is nearly 2 million acres, is in the South African provinces of Mpumalanga and Limpopo. Dutch President Paul Kruger established the park as the Sabi Game reserve in 1898 to protect the wildlife of the Lowveld region.

Early Attraction

Europeans filled the area in the mid-1800s, attracted by promises of gold, ivory and fur. The subsequent hunting and trading depleted the species of game animals in the region.

Growth and Development

In 1926, the park was expanded and renamed for President Kruger. In 2002, it became part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park.


Called "the flagship of the South African National Parks" by the South African National Parks Board, Kruger National Park is home to almost every species of game found in Southern Africa. This includes fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and 147 species of mammals.


The San, a Stone Age people, hunted game in the area half a million years ago. They left behind more than 100 rock painting sites in the park.


Visitors to South African national park will pay a conservation fee for every day they spend inside the park. As of Oct. 2009, the fee was the equivalent of about $22.

Article Written By Peryl Manning

Based in Seattle, Washington, Peryl Manning has been a technical writer and communications specialist for 10 years. She has written for Washington Mutual Bank as well as a number of local non-profit organizations. She holds an honors Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from the University of Victoria.

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