The Bahamas Landform & Water Features

The Bahamas Landform & Water Features
The Bahamas is a group of islands located in the Caribbean. Some of the landforms seen here are rarely seen elsewhere. The waters of the Bahamas are some of the clearest in the world.


Of the 700 total islands making up the Bahamas, only 30 are inhabited. The stretch of water containing the Bahama Islands is known as an archipelago.


There are 2,500 small, sandy islands called cays throughout the Bahama Islands. These are also referred to as islets.


There are no rivers in the Bahamas.

Coral Reefs

The Bahama Islands come from coral reefs. When the sea level dropped hundreds of years ago, these reefs dried out and became islands. Five percent of the world's coral is in the waters surrounding the Bahamas. The area makes up the world's third-longest barrier reef.

Clear Water

The Bahamas has some of the clearest water in the world. Visibility stretches more than 200 feet because the Bahama Islands are made up of calcium carbonate.


There are no mountains in the Bahamas. The highest point is located on Cat Island. Mount Alvernia is 206 feet above sea level.

Article Written By Susan Maphis

Susan Maphis has been a freelance writer for more than 20 years. She specializes in travel, parenting and education, among other subjects. Her work has been published on various sites, including,,,, and Maphis holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from West Chester University.

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