The Italian province of Umbria has a total area of 8,456 square kilometers, much of it dedicated to natural beauty. Indeed, with its wealth of woodlands, meadows and pastures, Umbria is understandably known as the "Green Heart of Italy."
The small province of Umbria lies landlocked in the center of Italy. The city of Rome is to its south, while neighboring province Tuscany lies northwest. Umbria, whose main city is Perugia, is Italy's only landlocked territory.
A hilly and mountainous region in the midst of the Appenines, Umbria is rife with streams and rivers, including the Tiber, which creates Umbria's border with neighboring province Lazio. Umbria also boasts the large lakes of Trasimeno and Piediluco, mineral and thermal springs, and the notable waterfall Cascata delle Marmore.
Visitors to Umbria tend to take advantage of the chance to experience the outdoors, enjoy the region's religious heritage and discover its archaelogical riches. Many themed itineraries are available, including trekking by mule or by horse to natural treasures.
Umbria has several parks and nature reserves, containing unique topography, and/or rare wildlife and plants. For instance, rare water orchids bloom in Parco di Colfiorito, while rare migrating birds visit Parco Regionale del Lago Trasimeno.
Umbrian history starts in pre-Roman empire times with the Umbri people, of which little is known. Etruscans left a decided mark and much for archaeologists to study. Three archaeological museums and several sites are situated in Umbria.