Five nations comprise the East African Community (EAC): Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. The Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia) is also typically considered part of East Africa. The region offers some of the world's most exciting outdoor tourism.
East Africa's stunning geography emerged from the tectonic forces of the Nubian Plate and Somali Plate, which created the Northern and Southern Rift Valleys, as well as the tallest mountains of Africa. High and low elevations are closely juxtaposed, with lakes ranging from the world's deepest to shallow tropical swamps.
East Africa's climate is unusually cool and dry for an equatorial region, due to its mountainous configuration and westerly monsoon effects. There are two distinct wet seasons, one in April and one in October-November.
East Africa offers world-class mountain climbing and hiking opportunities for all skill levels. Mount Kilimanjaro is the world's third highest, and over 20,000 visitors reach its summit each year.
East Africa is home to amazing concentrations of large wild animals, most famously the great ape, elephant, lion, rhinoceros, and wildebeest. All types of corporate and independent guided tours through the outdoor beauty are available.
The largest river in the world, the Nile, runs through East Africa. Its source, Lake Victoria, is the world's largest tropical lake. Lake Tanganyika, the world's second deepest, is the source of the Congo river system. The lakes, rivers and tributaries of East Africa are among the world's best for all forms of swimming, scuba and whitewater activity.
Article Written By Timothy Aldinger
Timothy Aldinger brings 20 years of experience as an instructional design consultant and corporate training strategist in the automotive, environmental, health and insurance industries. His professional writings have been published by Ford Motor Company, Chrysler Corporation, General Motors, Volkswagen, Toyota, Nissan and many other major corporations. Aldinger received his Bachelor of Arts in political theory from Michigan State University.