What Is an Eagle's Natural Habitat?

What Is an Eagle's Natural Habitat?Two species of eagles are native to North America, the bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos). These large birds of prey have a wide geographic range in the United States, living in different kinds of habitats. (Pictured: Bald Eagle catching a fish)

Golden Eagle Range

The golden eagle lives year-round from southern Mexico throughout the American West and into southern Canada. The golden eagle breeds in Alaska and as far north as the tundra in northern Canada, but are infrequent visitors to the eastern half of the country, where they once also lived.

golden eagle

Bald Eagle Range

The bald eagle will spend its summer in its breeding territory across most of Canada, Alaska and along the Atlantic Coast. This eagle lives year-round in locations such as the Pacific Northwest's coast, in states like Idaho and western Montana and will winter along both coasts and in the central part of the nation.

Golden Eagle Habitat

Golden eagles prefer open areas like the tundra and the prairie, but also live in mountainous terrain and in open forests of pine and spruce trees, according to the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology All About Birds website.

Bald Eagle Habitat

The habitat of the bald eagle is typically near a body of water that can support the diet of the raptor, which consists mostly of fish. Lakes, marshes, rivers and other wetlands attract this bird and those that remain unfrozen in winter will allow the bird to stay in cold weather.


Golden eagles will construct their nests in high places such as cliffs, the tops of tall trees and on telephone poles. The bald eagle will nest in forested regions near water, usually in a tree.

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