Sea of Cortez Facts

Sea of Cortez Facts
Nestled between California's 700-mile-long Baja Peninsula and mainland Mexico, the Sea of Cortez is a narrow body of water dotted with pristine archipelago islands. Twelve million years ago the North American Plate shifted, giving life to the crystalline waters favored for their warm weather recreation, commercial fishing and abundant wildlife.

Alternate Names

The Sea of Cortez is also known as the Gulf of California, Gulfo de California, Mar de Cortes and the Mar Bermejo.



Costal regions along the northern portion of the Sea of Cortez experience warm temperatures, while areas flanking the southern tip of the sea are tropical.


There are more than 900 islands in the Sea of Cortez. Marine mammals and sea birds prefer to nest, feed and live on these islands due to the abundant supply of sardines, anchovies and tuna in the sea.


The Sea of Cortez is known to be a whale breeding ground. The presence of flying mobulas (a cousin of the manta ray), leatherback sea turtles and vaquita marina (rare porpoises) also delight visitors.

Water Sports

Scuba diving, fishing, boating and water skiing are popular outdoor pursuits on the Sea of Cortez.


Article Written By Angela Tague

Angela Tague writes SEO web marketing content for major brands including Bounty, The Nest, Lowe's Home Improvement and Hidden Valley. She also provides feature content to newspapers and writes health and beauty blogs for Daily Glow, Everyday Health and Walgreens. Tague graduated from the University of Iowa with a bachelor's degree in journalism and mass communications in 1999.

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